The author JK Rowling could not imagine..

6 Nov, 2014 00:55 IST|Sakshi

The choice of words is a very important aspect in English. There are many words which are confused. Some words have similar meanings, but cannot be used interchangeably; i.e. A choice must be made according to the grammatical situation. The following are some pairs of words which are often confused in their usage.
 Advice vs. Advise

 advice is a noun, which means an opinion that someone offers you about what you should do or how you should act in a particular situation.
 For example: "I need someone to give me some advice."
 Advise is a verb, which means to give information and suggest types of action.
 For example: "I advise everybody to be nice to their teacher."
 Often in English the noun form ends in and the verb form ends in ...ise.
 Adapt vs. Adopt
 adapt means make suitable, adopt is to take a child as one's own.
 For example: Novels are adapted for the stage.
 He adopted a son.
 Allusion vs. Illusion
 An allusion is an indirect reference to something. An illusion is a false impression.
 For example: The professor made an allusion to Virginia Woolf's work.
 They saw a mirage: that is a type of illusion one sees in the desert.
 Ascent vs. Assent
 Ascent is to climb
 For example: The plane's ascent made my ears pop.
 Assent- agreement
 For example: The Martian assented to undergo experiments.
 Breath vs. Breathe
 Breath - noun, air inhaled or exhaled
 For example: You could see his breath in the cold air.
 Breathe-verb, to inhale or exhale
 For example: If you don't breathe, then you are dead.
 Cite vs. Sight
 Cite- to quote or document
 For example: I cited ten quotes from the same author in my paper.
 For example: The sight of the American flag arouses different emotions in different parts of the world.
 Site-position or place
 For example: The new office building was built on the site of a cemetery.
 Childish vs. Childlike
 Childish- silly
 For example: I don't like his childish behaviour.
 Childlike- innocent
 For example: Gandhi always put on a childlike smile on his lips.
 Complement vs. Compliment
 Complement-noun, something that completes; verb, to complete
 For example: A nice dry white wine complements a seafood entree.
 Compliment-noun, praise; verb, to praise
 For example: The professor complimented Smita on her proper use of a comma.
 Conscience vs. Conscious
 Conscience -sense of right and wrong
 For example: The student's conscience kept him from cheating on the exam.
 For example: I was conscious when the burglar entered the house.
 Dairy vs. Diary

 Dairy- products made from milk
 For example: Dairy products are liked by all.
 Diary- A diary is a book with a separate space for every day of the year so you can write what you have done or are planning to do each day.
 For example: Harish writes diary.
 Elicit vs. Illicit
 Elicit-to draw or bring out
 For example: The teacher elicited the correct response from the student.
 For example: The Columbian drug lord was arrested for his illicit activities.
 Eminent vs. Imminent
 Eminent-famous, respected
 For example: The eminent physician won the award.
 Imminent-ready to take place
 For example: A fight between my sister and me is imminent from the moment I enter my house.
 Ingenious vs. Ingenuous
 Ingenious- clever at organizing
 For example:  As he is very ingenious he can invent many more scientific marvels.
 Ingenuous- artless, frank
 For example: Julie's love for her father is ingenuous.
 Lay vs. Lie
 lay is an irregular transitive verb (lay / laid/ laid - laying). It needs a direct object. It means to put something or someone down). (it is a transitive verb)
     For example: "lay your head on the pillow."
 Lie is an irregular intransitive verb (lie / lay / lain - lying). It does not take a direct object. It means to rest in a horizontal position or to be located somewhere.
 For example: "if you are tired lie here and have a rest.
 "nottingham lies in the midlands."
 Lie also means to say something that isn't true but it takes the following form (lie / lied / lied - lying).
 Passed vs. Past
 Passed-verb, past tense of "to pass," to have moved
 For example: The tornado passed through the city quickly, but it caused great damage.
 Past-belonging to a former time or place
 For example: Who was the past president of Bangladesh?
 Go past the fire station and turn right.
 Precede vs. Proceed
 Precede-to come before
 For example: Pre-writing precedes the rough draft of good papers.
 Proceed-to go forward
 For example: He proceeded to pass back the failing grades on the exam.
 Principal vs. Principle
 Principal-adjective, most important; noun, a person who has authority
 For example: The principal ingredient in chocolate chip cookies is chocolate chips.
 The principal of the school does the announcements each morning.
 Principle-a general or fundamental truth
 For example: The study was based on the principle of gravity.
 Quote vs. Quotation
 Quote-verb, to cite
 For example: I would like to quote Charles Dickens in my next paper.
 Quotation-noun, the act of citing
 For example: The book of famous quotations inspired us all.
 Raise vs. Rise
 Raise -verb something else is needed to raise something.
 For example: Please raise the beam a little higher.
 Rise- something rises by itself.
 For example: The sun rises in the East.
 When used as a verb they both have the same general meaning of 'to move upwards', the main difference is that rise is an intransitive verb (it does not take an object). While raise is a transitive verb (it requires an object)
 Stationary vs. Stationery
 Stationary-standing still
 For example: The accident was my fault because I ran into a stationary object.
 Stationery-writing paper
 For example: My mother bought me stationery that was on recycled paper.
 Through vs. Threw
 Through-by means of; finished; into or out of
 For example: He ploughed right through the other team's defensive line.
 Threw- past tense of throw
 For example: She threw away his love letters.
 Practice test
 Directions (Q. 1 - 10): Each question below has a blank, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the right word from the five options for each blank that best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.
 1.    He ____ to the man's request.
     1) Accede    2) exceed
     3) excuse     4) except    5) excess
 2.    It took the Eskimo quite a long time to ____ to life in the Congo.
     1) Adapt    2) adop    3) accept
     4) except    5) tackle
 3.    Microsoft software has been ____ to work on Apple computers.
     1) Adapted     2) adopted    3) accept
     4) except     5) tackle
 4.    The author JK Rowling could not imagine having her quintessentially British "Harry Potter" stories specially ____ for American audiences.
     1) Adapted    2) adopted    3) accepted
     4) excepted     5) tackled
 5.    They childless couple ____ an orphaned two-year-old girl from Korea.
     1) Adapted     2) adopted    3) accept
     4) except     5) tackle
 6.    The local school board will ____ strict new penalties to counter bullying.
     1) Adapt     2) adopt     3) accept
     4) except     5) tackle
 7.    More Japanese companies are ____ western styles of management.
     1) Adapting     2) adopting     3) accept
     4) excepting     5) tackle
 8.    The noisy crowd ____ the tennis star's concentration.
     1) Affected     2) effected     3) affection
     4) effects     5) except
 9.    The Conservative Party ____ David Cameron as its leader in 2005.
     1) Affected     2) elected    3) effected
     4) excepted     5) accept
 10.    The thick fog had no ____ on her arrival time.
     1) Affect     2) effect     3) affection
     4) effects     5) except
 Answers:    1) 1; 2) 1; 3) 1; 4) 1; 5) 2;
     6) 1; 7) 1; 8) 1; 9) 2; 10) 1.

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